Glutaric acidemia type 1 is an inherited disorder in which the body is unable to completely break down the amino acids lysine, hydroxylysine and tryptophan. La aciduria glutárica tipo I es una enfermedad neurometabólica, de herencia autosómico recesiva (1 caso/ ), caracterizada por discinesia y distonía. Glutaric acidemia I is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder characterized by gliosis and neuronal loss in the basal ganglia and a progressive movement.

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We present the case of a month-old boy, with macrocephaly and minimal glutariva manifestations at diagnosis, which were attributed to his semivegetarian diet. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Glutaric aciduria a “new” disorder of amino acid metabolism.

GDD is now regarded as a treatable neurometabolic disorder.

At age 63, he developed ataxia, progressive dementia, and speech problems. Differential diagnosis includes encephalitis, Reye’s syndrome, familial infantile bilateral striatal necrosis, familial megalencephaly, postencephalitic Parkinsonism see these termsdystonic cerebral palsy, battered child syndrome with chronic subdural effusions, sudden infant death syndrome and glutarrica induced brain-injury.

Tryptophan thus lowers in the brain as a result of the protein synthesis enhancement causing circulating tryptophan to lower more than other amino acids[12] and perhaps also competition of large neutral amino acids for transport across the blood—brain barrier through the large neutral amino acid transporter 1 LNAA1. Currently, the disease is considered untreatable since there aciruria usually irreversible lesions in the central nervous system at diagnosis.


Despite early diagnosis, one-third of Amish infants with glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency developed striatal lesions that leave them permanently disabled. After recovery the children had lost most motor skills and functioned at a 1- to 2-month-old level. However, spasticity can be worsened by constraint. Glutaric acidaemia type I Glutaric acidemia type I Type 1 glutaric aciduria. Neither had macrocephaly, organomegaly, cognitive impairment, or acute encephalopathy in childhood.

J Inherit Metab Dis. Common features in both groups of patients are macrocephaly, expansion of subarachnoid convexity spaces, and wide CSF spaces anterior to the temporal poles and in the Sylvian fissures.

Glutaric aciduria type 1

Additional information Further information on this disease Classification s 3 Gene s 1 Disability Clinical signs and symptoms Publications in PubMed Other website s Ocular glutaarica 1 Oculocutaneous albinism Hermansky—Pudlak syndrome Waardenburg syndrome. Log in Sign up. The urine contained large amounts of glutaric acid. ATD, which is basically a diagnostic procedure, is not a treatment for GA1. Macrocephaly remains the main sign of GA1 for those who aren’t related to GA1 in any way or benefit from no screening program.

Mutation analysis in glutaric aciduria type I. Biochem Med, 13pp.

Glutaric aciduria type 1 – Wikipedia

The glutaric aciduria was increased by oral administration of L-lysine, which is metabolized through glutaryl-CoA, and was decreased by reduced protein intake. Carnitine deficiency and malnutrition developed in patients with severe dystonia and dysphagia, which necessitated replacement therapy and gastrostomy.


Brain imaging showed increased signals in the lenticular nuclei. While GCDH deficiency is a rare disease, GLO deficiency is glutariva most common of metabolic diseases affecting children, limiting ascorbic acid biosynthesis to a minute fraction of what other non-primate species synthesize. All had a unique pattern of frontotemporal atrophy on computerized tomography CT.

Prognosis Prognosis depends on a timely diagnosis and consequential management and treatment. CC ]. Glutaric aciduria type 1: Glutaric acidemia type 1 occurs in approximately 1 of every 30, to 40, births. Over GCDH mutations have been reported.

CT changes preceded the onset of symptoms by 3 months. Methylmalonic acidemia Methylmalonyl-CoA mutase deficiency Propionic acidemia. Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads. The excessive tone can also be managed with “jolly jumpers” and other aids to the upright stance that do not constrain the child but help him or her gradually tone down the rigidity. At that point, the very distinctive clinical picture of a severe dystonic-dyskinetic syndrome in alert-looking children with relatively well-preserved intellectual functions and a prominent forehead could be recognized.

Gene structure and mutations of glutaryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase: Plasma and urine acylcarnitine analysis can also be informative.